Types of Strabismus and Effectiveness of Treatment

Strabismus, or squint in simple words, is not just a cosmetic defect. It should be considered as a disorder in the nervous system of a child that causes serious problems of visual functions. In this light, the treatment of strabismus is a need. Specialists determine two main types of squint: concomitant and paralytic strabismus. Sometimes, there is alternating squint that is characterized with alternating deflection of eyes from a fixed object. Of course, each type of squint needs individual treatment.

A Children’s Problem

A child suffering from concomitant squintAbout 2.5% of children all around the world suffer from concomitant squint. There are different forms of this disorder: when only one eye squints or both eyes deflect in turns. This type of squint is not just a cosmetic defect. Together with defects of the appearance, patients have no ability to use stereoscopic vision, evaluate the distance to things, work with moving machines or objects. It is necessary to treat such forms of squint to allow patients lead a normal life: function in everyday tasks, work and drive vehicles.

Prognoses of Treatment

The earlier the disorder is diagnosed, the more chances of stabilization of the pathologic process patients have. In some cases, it is even possible to restore sight. It is very important to take a child to an eye physician in case parents see that his or her eyes are squint, at least a little. Children’s strabismus can be corrected with the help of special eyeglasses together with training sessions that involve medical appliances.

Ways to Treat Strabismus

Today, strabismus can also be cured with the help of special surgical methods. At that, as statistics show, the number of functionally successful operations is not that impressive. Only a small quantity of patients can develop correct binocular eyesight. The majority of patients denote a smaller angle of their squint or a short-term improvement that has never lasted for a long time. It is necessary to remember that operated eye muscles can lose their functional abilities very abruptly. This is one of the reasons why operated patients reach only a little success being treated with more sparing methods that are based on non-surgical trainings.

In most cases, squint can be treated with the help of a personally chosen scheme for all patients with defects of binocular eyesight. After a thorough examination that involves refraction of eyes, collection of all biometrical parameters, examination of the eye grounds and checking of all main functional features of eyes, doctors prescribe wearing corrective glasses, doing eye exercises that can reduce strabismus.

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Posted by on Jul 16 2013. Filed under Medicine. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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